Vevlira- Hurdy gurdy
Nyckelharpa is a Swedish string instrument with several keys that pushes on to the string to give every string a different tone. A bow is used to produce sound and tones. There are more than 16 different strings like C, G and 16 sympathetic strings.
Nyckelharpan is held to the player’s stomach and it’s held nearly vertical to the player and you play it like a guitar mixed with a violin.
Nyckelharpan is an iconic and typical instrument for the Swedish folk music, the instrument has its origins in Uppsala and northern Uppland, but during the 20th century it was spread further around Sweden.
The Spilåpipa is a pipe with a small column where air is breathed in and targets the airstream to a corner where the tone generates. The flute has eight finger holes but no thumb holes. It has a modal atmosphere with many intervals and the sound is almost floating, in other words in terms of the scale it´s not a clean modern musical instrument.
The spilåpipa is a Swedish folk instrument with roots from pasture culture.
The instrument has existed in many parts of Sweden, it's mostly found in places where the pasture culture existed, during the 20th century. Älvdalen in Dalecarlia, a historical part in central Sweden, has been an important place for spilåpipe culture. Härjedalspipan is an important variation of the spilåpipa, but there are many variations of the spilåpipa.
There are many famous spilåpipe players in Sweden like Sväs Anders Ersson or Anders Rosén.
A basic Swedish bagpipe chanter has between six and three finger holes and one hole for the top hand thumb. It has a single reed for the chanter.
The Swedish bagpipes are amongst the world’s simplest instruments –both in playing and construction. It’s an unsurpassed beginner instument that can grow with the player. It can develop into a dynamic and advanced instrument with a delicate traditional sound.
The Swedish bagpipes true origin is unclear. They can be tracked back to the Middle Ages. Some says that they existed back in the Viking Ages.
Their closest relatives are East European bagpipes.